Threat Based Conservation Intervention for Sustainability in  Vembanad Socio Ecological System in the Times of Climate Change

CSR Project Funded by ANTRIX Corporation

Wetlands are areas "where water is the essential factor controlling the environment and the related plant, animal and human life." They represent around 6% of the global land region and are among the most debilitated of all ecological assets. The overutilization of the aggregate wetlands stock has resulted from a blend of financial development pressure, population growth data deficiency, and intervention decline. There is a lack of comprehensive studies related to threats to wetland ecosystems, especially in India.


Vembanad Estuarine System, along with adjoining Kole lands, is one of India's most critical wetlands designated as a Ramsar site in 2002. Despite many conservation interventions, Vembanad lacks specific and focused conservation efforts. There is a wide range of gap for the clear threat-based conservation studies about the Vembanad Kol wetland. Hence it is the need of time to introduce action-based participatory studies.


The project "Threat Based Conservation Intervention for sustainability in Vembanad Socio-Ecological system in the times of climate change" was designed to address some of the significant threats to the Vembanad ecosystem. The project focuses on six prominent threats the Vembanad ecosystem undergoes today, which includes

i) Lake pollution 

ii) Lake reclamation 

iii) Invasive species 

iv) Unsustainable resource use 

v) Climate change and

vi) Livelihood Enhancement

Activities Under this Project


Lake pollution

Sustainable Menstrual hygiene

An intervention to tackle the enormous menstrual waste pollution in water bodies of Muhamma. 
Awareness programs to promote sustainable alternatives Collaboration with various arms of the government and support systems to bring behavioural changes among the community.

Unsustainable Resource use

Awareness campaign on ‘Ethical fishing'

ATREE-CERC led classes on ‘Responsible fishing practices along with Dept of Fisheries, Government of Kerala
Nine awareness sessions covering 250+ fisherman and clam collectors in Vembanad and Ashtamudi

Lake Reclamation

Canal Rejuvination

The campaign aimed to renovate all the canals in Muhamma panchayath with the participation of local stakeholders. Under this campaign initially Muppiri canal was renovated and furthermore eight other canals were identified and revived.
All nine canals were restored with the active participation of local stakeholders
Weed barriers had been installed at the mouth of each canal in order to prevent the intrusion of aquatic weed.

Lake pollution

Responsible Agriculture

Aim to reduce the indiscriminate use of agrochemicals
To promote eco-friendly farming practices
Equip farmers in responsible agriculture and safe food production

Livelihood Enhancement

Wet waste management using BSF larvae

Waste management using Black soldier flies(BSF) larvae is a novel technique that can solve organic waste menace.
This technology can reduce organic waste up to 80% by wet weight,
BSF bioconversion of organic wastes can help promote business opportunities in local communities

Invasive Species

Handmade paper from water hyacinth

This put forward a solution for the noxious aquatic weed by converting them into handmade paper which could be used for writing and printing as well. This not only eradicate the weed but also offers livelihood for locals

Unsustainable Resource use

Clam Relaying and Monitoring

Process of taking baby clams from the excess clam beds and laying in areas of low clam density
Ideal management technique to ensure clam sustainability

Livelihood Enhancemeant

Social Innovation Lab

The social innovation lab supports the women in Muhamma to develop, innovate, and create an enterprise that benefits the ecosystem and sustain their livelihood. Click here to know more

Climate change

Climate Leadership Program

ATREE CERC along with SUSTERA Foundation organized a Climate Leadership Program for selected youngsters from Kerala. Fifteen individuals were given intensive coaching on Climate Action for 6 days. These leaders have taken up small action in their own way at various capacities.